Over 100 groups worldwide call for debt cancellation to tackle public health crisis
On World Health Day, amid an unprecedented global crisis, more than 100 organisations are calling for developing country debt payments due in 2020 to be cancelled to fight the Covid-19 health and economic crisis.
DEBT and COVID19
APMDD urges channeling public finance to social needs, stressing harshest impacts of the pandemic on the poor, low-income and women in the Asian region.
- Emergency finance must not add to debt burdens
- Process to abolish illegitimate and unsustainable debts also needed
Quezon City, Philippines, 7 April 2020: On World Health Day, amid an unprecedented global crisis, more than 100 organisations are calling for developing country debt payments due in 2020 to be cancelled to fight the Covid-19 health and economic crisis.
Cancelling all 2020 debt payments to be made by low-income countries to other governments, multilateral institutions and private lenders would free up to US$ 25.5 billion to fight coronavirus in 2020 alone. Extending the cancellation to apply to payments due in 2021 would make another US$ 24.9 billion available to help save lives now and in the future.
The IMF and the World Bank have called for debt payments by the poorest countries to other governments to be suspended, but with the effects of the pandemic likely to last for years, delaying payments rather than cancelling payments won’t solve the problem.
Cancellation of debt payments also needs to apply to all creditors, including bilateral, multilateral and private lenders, to ensure freed-up money goes to support the pandemic response, and not to pay off other debts.
“Hundreds of millions of people in the world’s impoverished countries are facing devastating health, social and economic crises as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic,” said APMDD Coordinator Lidy Nacpil. “Permanently cancelling upcoming debt payments by these countries would be the fastest way to free up existing public resources to tackle this unprecedented crisis and to save lives."
The COVID19 crisis deepens long existing inequalities in the Asian region. UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) data cites 400 million people living on less than $1.90/day; 1.5 billion without access to adequate sanitation; 1 billion in precarious jobs, of whom 60% are without any social benefits. Public spending on social protection stands at less than 4% for many Asian countries, way below the global average of around 11%. As countries under lockdowns are now experiencing, women heavily bear the impacts in the disproportionate, increasing burden of care work and heightened exposure to gender-based violence in homes and public spaces. Budgets for programs promoting gender equality and reproductive health are under threat of being cut back or diverted.
Nacpil added that “the suspension on debt payments called for by the IMF and World Bank will fall short of this goal if it doesn’t apply to all lenders, and only postpones payments. Full cancellation of all external debt payments in 2020 is critical, along with emergency finance that doesn’t add to debt burdens. This must be followed up with a more comprehensive and long-term approach to abolishing illegitimate and unsustainable debt.”
In addition to cancellation of debt service, up to US$ 73.1 billion more of emergency finance will be needed to help impoverished countries as they respond to the crisis in 2020. This must be provided through grants, rather than loans, to stop recipient countries getting even deeper into debt. Addressing the long-term debt pressures on developing countries also requires decision-makers finally agreeing to fundamental reforms to the international system including those dealing with debt payments, outstanding debt, lending and borrowing policies, once the acute Covid-19 crisis has passed.
A joint letter – signed by APMDD – will be sent to governments and their representatives at the IMF and World Bank today. It calls for:
- The permanent cancellation of all external debt payments due in 2020 by developing countries, with no accrual of interest and charges and no penalties.
- The provision of additional, fresh emergency finance that does not create more debt.
- Debt cancellation and new financing to be provided free of demands for market-friendly and austerity-focused policy reforms in developing countries.
- Measures to be put in place to protect developing countries from lawsuits when ceasing 2020 debt payments.
- A process under UN auspices to be agreed in the longer term, to support systematic, timely, and fair restructuring of sovereign debt.
Note to Editors:
- Signatories of the statement include the African Forum and Network on Debt and Development (Afrodad), Asian Peoples’ Movement on Debt and Development (APMDD), Latin American Network on Debt, Development and Rights (Latindadd) and European Network on Debt and Development (Eurodad). Other signatories include Jubilee Debt Campaign UK, USA and Germany, Oxfam, ActionAid, International, The ONE Campaign, Cafod, Save the Children and Global Justice Now, as well as the Mozambique Budget Monitoring Forum, Budget Advocacy Network in Sierra Leone and CUTS International, Zambia.
- African finance ministers have called for a suspension of all interest payments in 2020, and all principal and interest payments by fragile states.
- Urgent calls for debt relief have also been made by the United Nations Secretary General, the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development, the Prime Ministers of both Pakistan and Ethiopia, the Ecuadorian Congress and Vatican Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle.
The statement calls for:
- Multilateral institutions, including the IMF and World Bank, should offer an immediate cancellation of all principal, interest and charges for the remainder of 2020 for all countries in need, and most urgently for all PRGT and IDA countries.
- The IMF and World Bank should urge any country ceasing multilateral and/or bilateral debt payments to also cancel payments to private external lenders. Any new IMF and World Bank finance should be in the form of grants not loans, and require other lenders to reprofile the debt where sustainability is uncertain, or restructure their debt where it is unsustainable, to help ensure money is used to support public policy priorities in response to the COVID-19 crisis, rather than to repay other lenders.
- Lender governments, both Paris Club members and others such as China, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, should cancel all principal, interest and charges for the remainder of 2020 for all countries in need, and most urgently for all PRGT and IDA countries. Ideally a debt cancellation should be coordinated between lenders but should not wait for them all to agree.
- The G20 should support moves by any country to stop making payments on debt to private external lenders.
- Key jurisdictions, especially the UK and New York, should pass legislation to prevent any lender suing a government for stopping debt payments in 2020.
- Debt payment cancellations and additional finance should be free of economic policy conditionality promoting privatisation, deregulation and trade liberalisation. The crisis has been caused by exogenous shocks: developments over which countries in the global south had no control.
- Debt payment cancellation and additional finance should be designed specifically to bolster public expenditure targeted at protecting the rights and needs of populations, especially to maintain and increase social protection and health spending in response to COVID-19 and,
The statement also calls for longer-term measures:
- The creation through the United Nations of a systematic, comprehensive and enforceable process for sovereign debt restructurings.
- The IMF to introduce clear guidelines on when a debt is unsustainable, and follow its policy only to lend to countries with unsustainable debts if there is a default or debt restructuring.